1.100 Pleadings and Motions

(a) Pleadings. There must be a complaint or, when so designated by a statute or rule, a petition, and an answer to it; an answer to a counterclaim denominated as such; an answer to a crossclaim if the answer contains a crossclaim; a third-party complaint if a person who was not an original party is summoned as a third-party defendant; and a thirdparty answer if a third-party complaint is served. If an answer or third-party answer contains an affirmative defense and the opposing party seeks to avoid it, the opposing party must file a reply containing the avoidance. No other pleadings will be allowed.

(b) Motions. An application to the court for an order must be by motion which must be made in writing unless made during a hearing or trial, must state with particularity the grounds for it, and must set forth the relief or order sought. The requirement of writing is fulfilled if the motion is stated in a written notice of the hearing of the motion. All notices of hearing must specify each motion or other matter to be heard.

(c) Caption.

(1) Every pleading must have a caption containing the name of all of the parties, the name of the court, the file number, and a designation identifying the party filing it.

(2) Every motion, order, judgment, or other document must have a caption containing the name of the court, the case number, the name of the first party on each side with an appropriate indication of other parties, and a designation identifying the party filing it and its nature or the nature of the order, as the case may be.

(3) In any in rem proceeding, every pleading, motion, order, judgment, or other document must have a caption containing the name of the court, the case number, the style “In re” (followed by the name or general description of the property), and a designation of the person or entity filing it and its nature or the nature of the order, as the case may be.

(4) In an in rem forfeiture proceeding, the style must be “In re forfeiture of” (followed by the name or general description of the property).

(5) All documents filed in the action must be styled in such a manner as to indicate clearly the subject matter of the document and the party requesting or obtaining relief.

(d) Civil Cover Sheet. A civil cover sheet (form 1.997) must be completed and filed with the clerk at the time an initial complaint or petition is filed by the party initiating the action. If the cover sheet is not filed, the clerk must accept the complaint or petition for filing; but all proceedings in the action must be abated until a properly executed cover sheet is completed and filed. The clerk must complete the civil cover sheet for a party appearing pro se.

(e) Motion in Lieu of Scire Facias. Any relief available by scire facias may be granted on motion after notice without the issuance of a writ of scire facias.


2016 Amendment

Subdivision (c) is amended to address the naming of parties in pleadings and amended pleadings similarly to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 10(a). Subdivision (c)(2) on Civil Cover Sheets is moved to subdivision (d), and subdivision (c)(3) on Final Disposition Forms is moved to new rule 1.545.

2010 Amendment. 

Subdivision (c) is amended to address separately the  caption for in rem proceedings, including in rem forfeiture proceedings.

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